Archive for category compression fracture

Automobile Accidents, Truck Accidents, Car Accidents and the Spine, review by Kraus Back and Neck Institute Houston, Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sugarland, Katy, Spring, Pearland, Woodlands, Kingwood

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Automobile Accidents, Truck Accidents, Car Accidents and the Spine

 

spinal nerves, spinal, automobile accidents, accidents, truck accidents, motor vehicle injuries, spinal cord injury, spinal column, paralysis, bowel and bladder, numbness, nerves, injuries, pain, whiplash, weakness

spinal nerves, spinal, automobile accidents, accidents, truck accidents, motor vehicle injuries, spinal cord injury, spinal column, paralysis, bowel and bladder, numbness, nerves, injuries, pain, whiplash, weakness

Automobile accidents, arising from motor vehicle injuries or truck accident injuries,  are the most common source of new spinal cord injuries, accounting for roughly 35% of new injuries in a given year. Unfortunately, the nature of automobile and other motor vehicle accidents’ (including motor vehicle injuries and truck accidents) effects on patients is inherently unpredictable: the extent of the spinal cord injury depends upon the types of vehicles involved, how fast they were moving, which direction they were traveling at the point of impact, and a variety of other mechanical factors, not to mention the age and physical health of the vehicles’ passengers. Quick changes in direction (much faster than the body is normally subjected to) with massive inertial forces behind these changes can cause serious trauma within the spinal column. The body adjusts well to its own changes in direction, but when these large external forces act on the body, they can cause what is commonly known as whiplash: the body’s cervical facet joints  are hyperextended from the initial impact, then they “whip” back as the reactive force comes through, which can cause inflammation and severe pain, as well as permanent damage to spinal anatomy including discs, vertebrae, and spinal nerves.

 

spinal nerves, spinal, automobile accidents, accidents, truck accidents, motor vehicle injuries, spinal cord injury, spinal column, paralysis, bowel and bladder, numbness, nerves, injuries, pain, whiplash, weakness

spinal nerves, spinal, automobile accidents, accidents, truck accidents, motor vehicle injuries, spinal cord injury, spinal column, paralysis, bowel and bladder, numbness, nerves, injuries, pain, whiplash, weakness

Whiplash isn’t the only possible cause for injury to the spinal column during automobile accidents, however. Those same enormous forces resulting from the impact can crush parts of the spinal column, fragmenting vertebral bone and disc material. These cases are particularly dangerous, because if these shards pierce the walls of the spinal canal (the membraned structure that runs most of the length of the spinal column and houses the major tracts of spinal nerves), these nerves can suffer irreparable nerve damage. We depend on functional spinal nerves for interpreting fundamental motor control signals sent by the brain, as well as interpreting sensory data collected from other parts of the body. The spinal nerves sometimes cannot heal themselves if they are damaged, often meaning that a spinal cord injury has drastic negative consequences for a patient’s long-term mobility. Whiplash, paralysis, numbness, weakness, pain, deformity, and bowel and bladder problems are all potential consequences of spinal injury resulting from automobile accidents and from truck accidents.  Paralysis may occur focally in a limb, if the nerves to a limb are injured or severed.  Paralysis can also occur when the spinal cord itself is severely injured.  Bowel and bladder dysfunction may occur when there is damage to the spinal cord.

spinal nerves, spinal, automobile accidents, accidents, truck accidents, motor vehicle injuries, spinal cord injury, spinal column, paralysis, bowel and bladder, numbness, nerves, injuries, pain, whiplash, weakness, Houston, Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sugarland, Katy, Spring, Pearland, Woodlands, Kingwood

spinal nerves, spinal, automobile accidents, accidents, truck accidents, motor vehicle injuries, spinal cord injury, spinal column, paralysis, bowel and bladder, numbness, nerves, injuries, pain, whiplash, weakness, Houston, Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sugarland, Katy, Spring, Pearland, Woodlands, Kingwood

Fortunately, many injuries sustained during automobile accidents, whether they be car accidents or truck accidents,  may be successfully rehabilitated with spinal physical therapy, with the caveat of no permanent damage to the spinal nerves. As long as patients retain motor control, the long-term prognosis at maintaining their mobility through regular spinal physical therapy and spinal injury rehabilitation exercises is quite good. These rehabilitation exercises focus on re-building range of motion, flexibility, strength, and endurance, re-stabilizing the spinal column by core strengthening all the core muscles along the spine and throughout the torso. Once patients complete a spinal physical therapy program, they are advised to continue the exercises indefinitely in a home setting in order to maximize benefits to their long-term mobility.

spinal nerves, spinal, automobile accidents, accidents, truck accidents, motor vehicle injuries, spinal cord injury, spinal column, paralysis, bowel and bladder, numbness, nerves, injuries, pain, whiplash, weakness, Houston, Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sugarland, Katy, Spring, Pearland, Woodlands, Kingwood

spinal nerves, spinal, automobile accidents, accidents, truck accidents, motor vehicle injuries, spinal cord injury, spinal column, paralysis, bowel and bladder, numbness, nerves, injuries, pain, whiplash, weakness, Houston, Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sugarland, Katy, Spring, Pearland, Woodlands, Kingwood

Physicians at the Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston, have significant experience treating patients who have suffered from motor vehicle injuries and truck accident injuries.  They not only treat patients from the medical aspect, but are very well versed in working with excellent attorneys to help the patients.  The KBNI treats patients in Houston as well as surrounding areas including Katy, Spring, Woodlands, Sugarland, Beaumont, Baytown, Pearland, Conroe, Port Arthur.

Patients suffering from neck pain or lower back pain and have been in a motor vehicle injury or truck injury, or who have been told they may require a spine surgery, can contact the Kraus Back and Neck Institute at

…….  281-713-6296

…….  Or visit www.SpineHealth.com to SCHEDULE AN APPOINTMENT ONLINE

……. KBNI VIDEO on Back and Neck Pain Treatment : Don’t Live in Fear and Pain

 

 

Keywords: spinal nerves, spinal, automobile accidents, accidents, truck accidents, motor vehicle injuries, spinal cord injury, spinal column, paralysis, bowel and bladder, numbness, nerves, injuries, pain, whiplash, weakness, Houston, Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sugarland, Katy, Spring, Pearland, Woodlands, Kingwood, Conroe

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The Spinal Column during a Spinal Injury review by Kraus Back and Neck Institute Houston, Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sugarland, Katy, Spring, Pearland, Woodlands, Kingwood

spinal cord injury, spinal column, spinal nerves, compression fracture, nerves, spinal, injury, vertebral, accident

spinal cord injury, spinal column, spinal nerves, compression fracture, nerves, spinal, injury, vertebral, accident

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The Spinal Column during a Spinal Injury review

 

Though it is less flexible than many of its mammalian counterparts, the human spinal column is normally a durable structure capable of a wide variety of movements. During a spinal cord injury, however, everything can change as a patient’s long-term mobility is threatened. The spinal canal houses the spinal nerves and runs most of the length of the spinal column. During a spinal cord injury, sometimes the trauma is forceful enough to propel shards of vertebral bone or spinal disc material through the walls of the spinal canal and threaten the integrity of the spinal nerves.

Spinal cord damage is perhaps the most serious consequence of a spinal cord injury, given that we depend on the spinal cord to function properly in order to interpret sensory data (touch, pain, heat, cold, etc.) as well as to relay motor control signals from the brain. The spinal cord also has no native regenerative capacity, meaning that it cannot heal from physical trauma. Even bruising the spinal cord can be enough to permanently reduce a patient’s mobility. Sometimes, depending on the extent of the bruising and the age and physical health of the patient, mobility may be regained after the initial inflammation subsides.

 

spinal cord injury, spinal column, spinal nerves, compression fracture, nerves, spinal, injury, vertebral, accident

spinal cord injury, spinal column, spinal nerves, compression fracture, nerves, spinal, injury, vertebral, accident

 

 

Following the accident, assessing the full extent of the damage becomes doctors’ first priority as they attempt to find an effective course of treatment. Oftentimes back spine surgery is necessary in order to remove portions of vertebral bone or herniated disc material that may be threatening other spinal nerves. If the nerves themselves are damaged, patients may experience muscle weakness, numbness, and permanent mobility loss. Extensive long-term physical therapy is also necessary in order to keep the patient’s range of motion from decaying.

Automobile accidents, including major or minor motor vehicle accidents, as well as truck accidents, and falls, may  commonly cause compression fractures, during which the spinal column experiences forces which crush vertebral bone and disc material. Depending on the direction of the forces, the spinal column may be contorted in a wide variety of ways. This makes predicting the extent of injury quite difficult, which is one of the reasons why first responders typically set about immobilizing the patient as soon as possible in order to minimize the possibility of further damage. Though compression fractures within the spinal column can definitely cause long-lasting damage, doctors can sometimes minimize permanent mobility loss if they are able to access the patient in a timely manner. Ultimately, a patient’s long-term mobility prospects rest with the extent of the damage to the spinal nerves. Medical researchers will continue their work to imbue the spinal nerves with regenerative capacity in the coming decades.

Patients may need the assistance of physicians to deal with the medical issues, and lawyers / attorneys who specialize in personal injuries, such as motor vehicle accidents or truck accidents.

 

spinal cord injury, spinal column, spinal nerves, compression fracture, nerves, spinal, injury, vertebral, accident, Houston, Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sugarland, Katy, Spring, Pearland, Woodlands, Kingwood

spinal cord injury, spinal column, spinal nerves, compression fracture, nerves, spinal, injury, vertebral, accident, Houston, Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sugarland, Katy, Spring, Pearland, Woodlands, Kingwood

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

spinal cord injury, spinal column, spinal nerves, compression fracture, nerves, spinal, injury, vertebral, accident, Houston, Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sugarland, Katy, Spring, Pearland, Woodlands, Kingwood

spinal cord injury, spinal column, spinal nerves, compression fracture, nerves, spinal, injury, vertebral, accident, Houston, Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sugarland, Katy, Spring, Pearland, Woodlands, Kingwood

 

Physicians at the Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston, have significant experience treating patients who have suffered from motor vehicle injuries and truck accident injuries.  They not only treat patients from the medical aspect, but are very well versed in working with excellent attorneys to help the patients.  The KBNI treats patients in Houston as well as surrounding areas including Katy, Spring, Woodlands, Sugarland, Beaumont, Baytown, Pearland, Conroe, Port Arthur.

Patients suffering from neck pain or lower back pain and have been in a motor vehicle injury or truck injury, or who have been told they may require a spine surgery, can contact the Kraus Back and Neck Institute at

…….  281-713-6296

…….  Or visit www.SpineHealth.com to SCHEDULE AN APPOINTMENT ONLINE

……. KBNI VIDEO on Back and Neck Pain Treatment : Don’t Live in Fear and Pain

 

 

Keywords: spinal cord injury, spinal column, spinal nerves, compression fracture, nerves, spinal, injury, vertebral, accident, Houston, Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sugarland, Katy, Spring, Pearland, Woodlands, Kingwood

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How the Spine Develops as We Age review KBNI Houston, Beaumont, Baytown, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Pearland

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 How the Spine Develops as We Age   

 

 

spinal discs, spinal nerves, back pain, spinal column, Houston

spinal discs, spinal nerves, back pain, spinal column, Houston

The human spinal column is made up of vertebrae, ligaments, muscles, facet joints (the joints that link our vertebrae) and spinal discs (the shock-absorbing pads between our vertebrae). Spinal nerves wind their way around vertebrae and provide sensation to much of the body. All of these components interact to allow for a pain-free normal range of motion during routine movement. Since the spinal column is involved in almost every kind of human motion (sitting, standing, running, bending, lifting, twisting, etc.), pain-free articulation of the spinal column is essential for a high quality of life.

spinal discs, spinal nerves, back pain, spinal column, Houston

spinal discs, spinal nerves, back pain, spinal column, Houston

Though the human body may be an incredible machine, its mechanical components do not escape wear and tear. The cartilage on the ends of our facet joints naturally degrades over time and the wear is exacerbated by repeated heavy lifting or lifting combined with torsional (twisting) motion. This places nearby spinal nerves at a higher risk for nerve compression, which causes extreme back pain and decreased mobility. Since spinal discs naturally degenerate as we get older, becoming harder, less pliable, thinner, and less capable of bearing shock, the spinal nerves have a higher risk of compression, given that as spinal discs shrink, the distance between vertebrae lessens accordingly. Typically this means a smaller range of motion for back pain patients as they grow older.

spinal discs, spinal nerves, back pain, spinal column, Houston, Beaumont, Baytown, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Pearland, Sealy, Spring, Port Arthur, Conroe, Kingwood, Humble, Tomball, Galveston

spinal discs, spinal nerves, back pain, spinal column, Houston, Beaumont, Baytown, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Pearland, Sealy, Spring, Port Arthur, Conroe, Kingwood, Humble, Tomball, Galveston

Aging patients also need to account for the possible effects of osteoporosis (low bone density) on the spine. Poor nutrition, smoking (nicotine, a chemical in cigarettes, is toxic to bone-generating cells), and a lack of physical activity can all decrease bone mass. This in turn increases the risk of osteoporosis-related fractures. Fractures are especially dangerous within the spinal column, as shards of collapsed vertebrae or spinal discs may pierce the spinal canal and lacerate spinal nerves, putting the patient at risk for serious long-term health complications. Also, the fractures may occur so slowly that many patients may not notice any sudden changes in their back pain levels.

spinal discs, spinal nerves, back pain, spinal column, Houston, Beaumont, Baytown, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Pearland, Sealy, Spring, Port Arthur, Conroe, Kingwood, Humble, Tomball, Galveston

spinal discs, spinal nerves, back pain, spinal column, Houston, Beaumont, Baytown, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Pearland, Sealy, Spring, Port Arthur, Conroe, Kingwood, Humble, Tomball, Galveston

Even with all of these potentially serious problems, however, there are still steps you can take at home to keep your spinal column healthy as you age. Proper weight management will help reduce stress on the facet joints and spinal discs. Healthy dieting and nutritional supplements will help keep bone density at optimal levels. Physical therapy (particularly a regimen full of core-strengthening exercises) and chiropractic treatment by a chiropractor will develop muscles in the torso and along the spinal column. Stronger core muscles lessens the load from compromised spinal discs and helps patients mediate their back pain levels.

Physician experts at the Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston, TX, have significant experience and expertise in working with patients who are recovering from minor or major spine surgery.  They understand that the beginning of the healing process starts in the OR, but the remainder continues well after the surgery is finished.

The Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston TX takes care of patients in Houston and the surrounding areas, including Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas Medical Center  (TMC), Tomball and other Texas TX cities including Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio and Austin

If you have SUFFERED AN INJURY, you can contact the Kraus Back and Neck Institute at

…….  281-713-6296

 

…….  Or visit  www.SpineHealth.com  to schedule an appointment online

 

…….  KBNI VIDEO

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Spinal Fractures and their Possible Effects review KBNI Houston, Katy, Sugarland, Woodlands, Spring, Pearland, Conroe, Beaumont

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Spinal Fractures and their Possible Effects

spinal discs, spinal nerves, spinal compression fracture, spinal fractures, back pain, physical exam, Houston

spinal discs, spinal nerves, spinal compression fracture, spinal fractures, back pain, physical exam, Houston

 

Spinal compression fractures generally result from osteoporosis (low bone density). Over time, our bone-generating cells (osteoblasts) become less effective at producing healthy bone tissue. Other factors, such as poor nutrition and smoking (nicotine, a common chemical in cigarettes, is a bone-growth toxin) also lower bone density as we age. Symptoms of a spinal compression fracture include severe sudden back pain (possibly from spinal nerves that have been abruptly compressed), pain while walking and standing, height loss, and structural deformity along the spinal column.

spinal discs, spinal nerves, spinal compression fracture, spinal fractures, back pain, physical exam, Houston

spinal discs, spinal nerves, spinal compression fracture, spinal fractures, back pain, physical exam, Houston

Normally, spinal compression fractures occur during routine activities like picking up a bag of groceries or slipping on a patch of ice. If you are experiencing sudden, severe back pain as a result of routine activity, it’s advised that you seek immediate medical attention (you can be seen by a neurosurgeon or spine surgeon). Your physician will conduct a physical exam designed to narrow the possible causes of your back pain. After the physical exam, it’s also likely that imaging tests (X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging MRI ) will be necessary to confirm that a spinal compression fracture has actually occurred. Even if you do not feel back pain, imaging tests may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis, because occasionally spinal compression fractures occur so gradually that patients do not experience any episodes of sharp pain. Other symptoms may arise as the spine shortens due to a loss in height: weight loss due to pressure placed on the stomach, decreased mobility, breathing problems (the lungs may not function properly due to constriction), and hip pain.

spinal discs, spinal nerves, spinal compression fracture, spinal fractures, back pain, physical exam, Houston, Woodlands, Sugarland, Spring, Katy, Pearland, Kingwood, Humble, Baytown, Beaumont, Galveston, Port Arthur, Memorial, Conroe, Sealy, Austin, San Antonio, Dallas

spinal discs, spinal nerves, spinal compression fracture, spinal fractures, back pain, physical exam, Houston, Woodlands, Sugarland, Spring, Katy, Pearland, Kingwood, Humble, Baytown, Beaumont, Galveston, Port Arthur, Memorial, Conroe, Sealy, Austin, San Antonio, Dallas

Sudden trauma-related fractures (such as from a car accident or sports injury) are more unpredictable and have the potential to be even more serious. Fragments of vertebrae or pieces of the spinal herniated discs may lacerate the spinal nerves within the spinal canal, leading to a loss of sensation, muscle weakness, or paralysis. Physicians also normally order imaging tests for trauma-related spinal fractures due to the extremely sensitive nature of the injuries and the fact that a patient’s long-term mobility (or even their survival) may be compromised by a misdiagnosis.  For osteoporotic compression fractures, a procedure known as a kyphoplasty may be helpful.

Recovery from spinal compression fractures and trauma-related spinal injuries may require extensive physical therapy and chiropractic  treatment,  during the post-operative care period. Developing muscles along the spinal column with core strengthening will relieve pressure from compromised spinal discs and re-generating bone tissue. Your physician will order several checkups following your back surgery in order to re-evaluate your progress and make any necessary changes to your course of treatment. The length of the post-operative care period will ultimately be determined by the integrity of the patient’s spinal column as well as their mobility and general quality of life.

spinal discs, spinal nerves, spinal compression fracture, spinal fractures, back pain, physical exam, Houston, Woodlands, Sugarland, Spring, Katy, Pearland, Kingwood, Humble, Baytown, Beaumont, Galveston, Port Arthur, Memorial, Conroe, Sealy, Austin, San Antonio, Dallas

spinal discs, spinal nerves, spinal compression fracture, spinal fractures, back pain, physical exam, Houston, Woodlands, Sugarland, Spring, Katy, Pearland, Kingwood, Humble, Baytown, Beaumont, Galveston, Port Arthur, Memorial, Conroe, Sealy, Austin, San Antonio, Dallas

 

Physician experts at the Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston, TX, have significant experience and expertise in working with patients who have suffered fractures of the spine.  Many of these patients will need complex medical care, and many will need to also see a personal injury attorney.  After an injury, many patients may be confused as to what to do next, and how to straighten out their situations.

The Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston TX takes care of patients in Houston and the surrounding areas, including Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas Medical Center  (TMC) and other Texas TX cities including Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio and Austin

If you have SUFFERED AN INJURY, you can contact the Kraus Back and Neck Institute at

…….  281-713-6296

 

…….  Or visit  www.SpineHealth.com  to schedule an appointment online

 

…….  KBNI VIDEO

 

 

Keywords: spinal discs, spinal nerves, spinal compression fracture, spinal fractures,  back pain, physical exam, Houston, Woodlands, Sugarland, Spring, Katy, Pearland, Kingwood, Humble, Baytown, Beaumont, Galveston, Port Arthur, Memorial, Conroe, Sealy, Austin, San Antonio, Dallas

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Osteoporosis vs Osteopenia review KBNI Houston, Katy, Sugarland, Woodlands, Memorial City, Texas Medical Center TMC

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osteoporosis, osteopenia, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center

osteoporosis, osteopenia, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center

Osteoporosis vs Osteopenia review KBNI Houston

Osteoporosis (low bone density) is a disease that saps bones of their strength by reducing their density, producing a higher incidence of fractures. Since peak bone density usually occurs somewhere around age 25, older adults are at a higher risk for developing osteoporosis and the dangerous fractures that may accompany it. Over time, our osteoblasts (bone-creating cells that generate bone tissue) are gradually reduced relative to our osteoclasts (bone-eating cells that consume old bone tissue). As the balance between osteoblasts and osteoclasts changes, bones become weaker and more prone to fractures and osteoporosis.  Osteopenia is weakening of the bone which has not yet progressed to osteoporosis.

osteoporosis, osteopenia, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center

osteoporosis, osteopenia, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center

Osteoporosis (and osteopenia) has particularly negative repercussions for the spine. As with other key joints in the body, such as the hip joints, the integrity of spinal joints is essential for continued mobility and a high quality of life. Our spinal discs (the shock-absorbing pads between our vertebrae) degenerate naturally over time, and as we grow older our soft tissues (such as the muscles, ligaments, and tendons in the torso which help support the spinal column) become less effective at regeneration post-stress, just like bone tissue. Cartilage on spinal joints also wears down, increasing the likelihood of compressed spinal nerves, nerve pain, and decreased mobility. Low bone density can magnify all of these programs by destabilizing the spinal column.

Fortunately, there are several ways in which the incidence of osteoporosis (and osteopenia) may be reduced. Proper care begins with preventative lifestyle choices: nutritional supplements and a healthy diet will help maintain bone density at near-peak levels. Avoiding smoking is also enormously important, as nicotine has been shown to be highly toxic to bone regeneration, contributing to osteoporosis. Nicotine kills off osteoblasts while leaving osteoclasts intact, which means that the body’s natural balance of bone tissue regrowth and bone tissue consumption is thrown out of balance. More bone is consumed than can be regenerated, gradually making bones weaker.  Anti gravity exercises and resistance exercises may help strengthen bone, and reduce osteoporosis.  It is important to note that for even the short time that astronauts are in a weightless environment in space, they lose bone density.  Medications known as bisphosphonates are commonly used to treat osteoporosis.  They are commonly known as Fosamax, Actonel, Boniva, Reclast and Zometa.  In women, estrogen helps to maintain bone strength.  After menopause, estrogen levels drop, and loss of bone density increases, increasing the risk of osteoporosis.

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osteoporosis, osteopenia, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Tomball, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas, TX, Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio, Austin

Imaging exams (such as X-rays) will help monitor the progression of osteoporosis so that the most effective course of treatment can be found. Patients can experience compression fractures of the spine, typically in the thoracic or lumbar spine, as a result of osteoporosis.  When a compression fracture of the spine occurs, a patient may experience significant pain localized to that area of the spine.  A procedure known as a kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty may be used to inject cement into the fractured vertebral body.    DEXA scans (dual energy x ray absorptiometry) can show the bone density on a quantitative basis.  Results called “T scores” are generated.  A T score compares the patient’s bone density with that of a healthy young adult.  The T score is the number of standard deviations that the patient’s T score is above or below that of the healthy young adult.  A T score of > -1 is normal.  A T score between -1 and -2.5 is considered osteopenia, which is a condition of low bone density which may lead to full osteoporosis.  A T score of -2.5 and below indicates osteoporosis.  Physicians may recommend structural changes within the home, such as the installation of shower bars and stepping stools for the bedroom.

When compression fractures of the spine occur due to osteoporosis, a kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty may be performed.  During kyphoplasty, the spine surgeon places a needle (Jamshidi needle) percutaneously through the skin, through the pedicle of the vertebral level, into the vertebral body which has suffered a compression fracture due to osteoporosis.  A kyphoplasty is typically performed bilaterally, which means on both sides of the vertebral body, through the right and left pedicles.  A kyphoplasty then involves placing a balloon through the Jamshidi needle, and expanding the balloon to try to expand the portion of the vertebral body which is collapsed as a result of osteoporosis.  After the height of the vertebral body is raised, bone cement (methyl methacrylate) is pushed through the Jamshidi needle into the expanded cavity in the bone, under low pressure.  The question of what is the difference between kyphoplasty vs vertebroplasty can be answered as follows:  during a kyphoplasty, a balloon is used to expand the compression fracture, and the methyl methacrylate cement is instilled into the osteoporosis fracture cavity under a low pressure; during a vertebroplasty, the methyl methacrylate bone cement is pushed through the needles into a nonexpanded compression fracture, under a higher pressure. Depending upon surgeon preference, kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty may be used, with kyphoplasty giving the added advantage of not only strengthening the bone, but trying to restores some of the height of the vertebral body, and lordotic curve of the spine.

Physician experts at the Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston, TX, have significant experience in treating osteoporosis and osteopenia as it affects the spine.  The neurosurgeons have vast experience in treating spine fractures, both through conservative approaches which may include bracing, and through the surgical approach, often with a kyphoplpasty.

The Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston TX takes care of patients in Houston and the surrounding areas, including Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Tomball, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Memorial City, Texas Medical Center  (TMC) and other Texas TX cities including Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio and Austin.

Patients suffering from neck pain or back pain, or who have been told they may require a spine surgery, can contact the Kraus Back and Neck Institute at

…….  281-713-6296

…….  Or visit www.SpineHealth.com to schedule an appointment online

……. KBNI VIDEO on Back and Neck Pain Treatment : Don’t Live in Fear and Pain

 

Keywords: osteoporosis, osteopenia, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Tomball, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas, TX, Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio, Austin

 

osteoporosis, osteopenia, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Tomball, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas, TX, Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio, Austin

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