Archive for category fracture

Automobile Accidents, Truck Accidents, Car Accidents and the Spine, review by Kraus Back and Neck Institute Houston, Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sugarland, Katy, Spring, Pearland, Woodlands, Kingwood

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Automobile Accidents, Truck Accidents, Car Accidents and the Spine

 

spinal nerves, spinal, automobile accidents, accidents, truck accidents, motor vehicle injuries, spinal cord injury, spinal column, paralysis, bowel and bladder, numbness, nerves, injuries, pain, whiplash, weakness

spinal nerves, spinal, automobile accidents, accidents, truck accidents, motor vehicle injuries, spinal cord injury, spinal column, paralysis, bowel and bladder, numbness, nerves, injuries, pain, whiplash, weakness

Automobile accidents, arising from motor vehicle injuries or truck accident injuries,  are the most common source of new spinal cord injuries, accounting for roughly 35% of new injuries in a given year. Unfortunately, the nature of automobile and other motor vehicle accidents’ (including motor vehicle injuries and truck accidents) effects on patients is inherently unpredictable: the extent of the spinal cord injury depends upon the types of vehicles involved, how fast they were moving, which direction they were traveling at the point of impact, and a variety of other mechanical factors, not to mention the age and physical health of the vehicles’ passengers. Quick changes in direction (much faster than the body is normally subjected to) with massive inertial forces behind these changes can cause serious trauma within the spinal column. The body adjusts well to its own changes in direction, but when these large external forces act on the body, they can cause what is commonly known as whiplash: the body’s cervical facet joints  are hyperextended from the initial impact, then they “whip” back as the reactive force comes through, which can cause inflammation and severe pain, as well as permanent damage to spinal anatomy including discs, vertebrae, and spinal nerves.

 

spinal nerves, spinal, automobile accidents, accidents, truck accidents, motor vehicle injuries, spinal cord injury, spinal column, paralysis, bowel and bladder, numbness, nerves, injuries, pain, whiplash, weakness

spinal nerves, spinal, automobile accidents, accidents, truck accidents, motor vehicle injuries, spinal cord injury, spinal column, paralysis, bowel and bladder, numbness, nerves, injuries, pain, whiplash, weakness

Whiplash isn’t the only possible cause for injury to the spinal column during automobile accidents, however. Those same enormous forces resulting from the impact can crush parts of the spinal column, fragmenting vertebral bone and disc material. These cases are particularly dangerous, because if these shards pierce the walls of the spinal canal (the membraned structure that runs most of the length of the spinal column and houses the major tracts of spinal nerves), these nerves can suffer irreparable nerve damage. We depend on functional spinal nerves for interpreting fundamental motor control signals sent by the brain, as well as interpreting sensory data collected from other parts of the body. The spinal nerves sometimes cannot heal themselves if they are damaged, often meaning that a spinal cord injury has drastic negative consequences for a patient’s long-term mobility. Whiplash, paralysis, numbness, weakness, pain, deformity, and bowel and bladder problems are all potential consequences of spinal injury resulting from automobile accidents and from truck accidents.  Paralysis may occur focally in a limb, if the nerves to a limb are injured or severed.  Paralysis can also occur when the spinal cord itself is severely injured.  Bowel and bladder dysfunction may occur when there is damage to the spinal cord.

spinal nerves, spinal, automobile accidents, accidents, truck accidents, motor vehicle injuries, spinal cord injury, spinal column, paralysis, bowel and bladder, numbness, nerves, injuries, pain, whiplash, weakness, Houston, Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sugarland, Katy, Spring, Pearland, Woodlands, Kingwood

spinal nerves, spinal, automobile accidents, accidents, truck accidents, motor vehicle injuries, spinal cord injury, spinal column, paralysis, bowel and bladder, numbness, nerves, injuries, pain, whiplash, weakness, Houston, Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sugarland, Katy, Spring, Pearland, Woodlands, Kingwood

Fortunately, many injuries sustained during automobile accidents, whether they be car accidents or truck accidents,  may be successfully rehabilitated with spinal physical therapy, with the caveat of no permanent damage to the spinal nerves. As long as patients retain motor control, the long-term prognosis at maintaining their mobility through regular spinal physical therapy and spinal injury rehabilitation exercises is quite good. These rehabilitation exercises focus on re-building range of motion, flexibility, strength, and endurance, re-stabilizing the spinal column by core strengthening all the core muscles along the spine and throughout the torso. Once patients complete a spinal physical therapy program, they are advised to continue the exercises indefinitely in a home setting in order to maximize benefits to their long-term mobility.

spinal nerves, spinal, automobile accidents, accidents, truck accidents, motor vehicle injuries, spinal cord injury, spinal column, paralysis, bowel and bladder, numbness, nerves, injuries, pain, whiplash, weakness, Houston, Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sugarland, Katy, Spring, Pearland, Woodlands, Kingwood

spinal nerves, spinal, automobile accidents, accidents, truck accidents, motor vehicle injuries, spinal cord injury, spinal column, paralysis, bowel and bladder, numbness, nerves, injuries, pain, whiplash, weakness, Houston, Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sugarland, Katy, Spring, Pearland, Woodlands, Kingwood

Physicians at the Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston, have significant experience treating patients who have suffered from motor vehicle injuries and truck accident injuries.  They not only treat patients from the medical aspect, but are very well versed in working with excellent attorneys to help the patients.  The KBNI treats patients in Houston as well as surrounding areas including Katy, Spring, Woodlands, Sugarland, Beaumont, Baytown, Pearland, Conroe, Port Arthur.

Patients suffering from neck pain or lower back pain and have been in a motor vehicle injury or truck injury, or who have been told they may require a spine surgery, can contact the Kraus Back and Neck Institute at

…….  281-713-6296

…….  Or visit www.SpineHealth.com to SCHEDULE AN APPOINTMENT ONLINE

……. KBNI VIDEO on Back and Neck Pain Treatment : Don’t Live in Fear and Pain

 

 

Keywords: spinal nerves, spinal, automobile accidents, accidents, truck accidents, motor vehicle injuries, spinal cord injury, spinal column, paralysis, bowel and bladder, numbness, nerves, injuries, pain, whiplash, weakness, Houston, Baytown, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sugarland, Katy, Spring, Pearland, Woodlands, Kingwood, Conroe

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How the Spine Develops as We Age review KBNI Houston, Beaumont, Baytown, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Pearland

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 How the Spine Develops as We Age   

 

 

spinal discs, spinal nerves, back pain, spinal column, Houston

spinal discs, spinal nerves, back pain, spinal column, Houston

The human spinal column is made up of vertebrae, ligaments, muscles, facet joints (the joints that link our vertebrae) and spinal discs (the shock-absorbing pads between our vertebrae). Spinal nerves wind their way around vertebrae and provide sensation to much of the body. All of these components interact to allow for a pain-free normal range of motion during routine movement. Since the spinal column is involved in almost every kind of human motion (sitting, standing, running, bending, lifting, twisting, etc.), pain-free articulation of the spinal column is essential for a high quality of life.

spinal discs, spinal nerves, back pain, spinal column, Houston

spinal discs, spinal nerves, back pain, spinal column, Houston

Though the human body may be an incredible machine, its mechanical components do not escape wear and tear. The cartilage on the ends of our facet joints naturally degrades over time and the wear is exacerbated by repeated heavy lifting or lifting combined with torsional (twisting) motion. This places nearby spinal nerves at a higher risk for nerve compression, which causes extreme back pain and decreased mobility. Since spinal discs naturally degenerate as we get older, becoming harder, less pliable, thinner, and less capable of bearing shock, the spinal nerves have a higher risk of compression, given that as spinal discs shrink, the distance between vertebrae lessens accordingly. Typically this means a smaller range of motion for back pain patients as they grow older.

spinal discs, spinal nerves, back pain, spinal column, Houston, Beaumont, Baytown, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Pearland, Sealy, Spring, Port Arthur, Conroe, Kingwood, Humble, Tomball, Galveston

spinal discs, spinal nerves, back pain, spinal column, Houston, Beaumont, Baytown, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Pearland, Sealy, Spring, Port Arthur, Conroe, Kingwood, Humble, Tomball, Galveston

Aging patients also need to account for the possible effects of osteoporosis (low bone density) on the spine. Poor nutrition, smoking (nicotine, a chemical in cigarettes, is toxic to bone-generating cells), and a lack of physical activity can all decrease bone mass. This in turn increases the risk of osteoporosis-related fractures. Fractures are especially dangerous within the spinal column, as shards of collapsed vertebrae or spinal discs may pierce the spinal canal and lacerate spinal nerves, putting the patient at risk for serious long-term health complications. Also, the fractures may occur so slowly that many patients may not notice any sudden changes in their back pain levels.

spinal discs, spinal nerves, back pain, spinal column, Houston, Beaumont, Baytown, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Pearland, Sealy, Spring, Port Arthur, Conroe, Kingwood, Humble, Tomball, Galveston

spinal discs, spinal nerves, back pain, spinal column, Houston, Beaumont, Baytown, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Pearland, Sealy, Spring, Port Arthur, Conroe, Kingwood, Humble, Tomball, Galveston

Even with all of these potentially serious problems, however, there are still steps you can take at home to keep your spinal column healthy as you age. Proper weight management will help reduce stress on the facet joints and spinal discs. Healthy dieting and nutritional supplements will help keep bone density at optimal levels. Physical therapy (particularly a regimen full of core-strengthening exercises) and chiropractic treatment by a chiropractor will develop muscles in the torso and along the spinal column. Stronger core muscles lessens the load from compromised spinal discs and helps patients mediate their back pain levels.

Physician experts at the Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston, TX, have significant experience and expertise in working with patients who are recovering from minor or major spine surgery.  They understand that the beginning of the healing process starts in the OR, but the remainder continues well after the surgery is finished.

The Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston TX takes care of patients in Houston and the surrounding areas, including Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas Medical Center  (TMC), Tomball and other Texas TX cities including Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio and Austin

If you have SUFFERED AN INJURY, you can contact the Kraus Back and Neck Institute at

…….  281-713-6296

 

…….  Or visit  www.SpineHealth.com  to schedule an appointment online

 

…….  KBNI VIDEO

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Osteoporosis vs Osteopenia review KBNI Houston, Katy, Sugarland, Woodlands, Memorial City, Texas Medical Center TMC

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osteoporosis, osteopenia, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center

osteoporosis, osteopenia, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center

Osteoporosis vs Osteopenia review KBNI Houston

Osteoporosis (low bone density) is a disease that saps bones of their strength by reducing their density, producing a higher incidence of fractures. Since peak bone density usually occurs somewhere around age 25, older adults are at a higher risk for developing osteoporosis and the dangerous fractures that may accompany it. Over time, our osteoblasts (bone-creating cells that generate bone tissue) are gradually reduced relative to our osteoclasts (bone-eating cells that consume old bone tissue). As the balance between osteoblasts and osteoclasts changes, bones become weaker and more prone to fractures and osteoporosis.  Osteopenia is weakening of the bone which has not yet progressed to osteoporosis.

osteoporosis, osteopenia, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center

osteoporosis, osteopenia, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center

Osteoporosis (and osteopenia) has particularly negative repercussions for the spine. As with other key joints in the body, such as the hip joints, the integrity of spinal joints is essential for continued mobility and a high quality of life. Our spinal discs (the shock-absorbing pads between our vertebrae) degenerate naturally over time, and as we grow older our soft tissues (such as the muscles, ligaments, and tendons in the torso which help support the spinal column) become less effective at regeneration post-stress, just like bone tissue. Cartilage on spinal joints also wears down, increasing the likelihood of compressed spinal nerves, nerve pain, and decreased mobility. Low bone density can magnify all of these programs by destabilizing the spinal column.

Fortunately, there are several ways in which the incidence of osteoporosis (and osteopenia) may be reduced. Proper care begins with preventative lifestyle choices: nutritional supplements and a healthy diet will help maintain bone density at near-peak levels. Avoiding smoking is also enormously important, as nicotine has been shown to be highly toxic to bone regeneration, contributing to osteoporosis. Nicotine kills off osteoblasts while leaving osteoclasts intact, which means that the body’s natural balance of bone tissue regrowth and bone tissue consumption is thrown out of balance. More bone is consumed than can be regenerated, gradually making bones weaker.  Anti gravity exercises and resistance exercises may help strengthen bone, and reduce osteoporosis.  It is important to note that for even the short time that astronauts are in a weightless environment in space, they lose bone density.  Medications known as bisphosphonates are commonly used to treat osteoporosis.  They are commonly known as Fosamax, Actonel, Boniva, Reclast and Zometa.  In women, estrogen helps to maintain bone strength.  After menopause, estrogen levels drop, and loss of bone density increases, increasing the risk of osteoporosis.

osteoporosis, osteopenia, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Tomball, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas, TX, Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio, Austin

osteoporosis, osteopenia, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Tomball, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas, TX, Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio, Austin

Imaging exams (such as X-rays) will help monitor the progression of osteoporosis so that the most effective course of treatment can be found. Patients can experience compression fractures of the spine, typically in the thoracic or lumbar spine, as a result of osteoporosis.  When a compression fracture of the spine occurs, a patient may experience significant pain localized to that area of the spine.  A procedure known as a kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty may be used to inject cement into the fractured vertebral body.    DEXA scans (dual energy x ray absorptiometry) can show the bone density on a quantitative basis.  Results called “T scores” are generated.  A T score compares the patient’s bone density with that of a healthy young adult.  The T score is the number of standard deviations that the patient’s T score is above or below that of the healthy young adult.  A T score of > -1 is normal.  A T score between -1 and -2.5 is considered osteopenia, which is a condition of low bone density which may lead to full osteoporosis.  A T score of -2.5 and below indicates osteoporosis.  Physicians may recommend structural changes within the home, such as the installation of shower bars and stepping stools for the bedroom.

When compression fractures of the spine occur due to osteoporosis, a kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty may be performed.  During kyphoplasty, the spine surgeon places a needle (Jamshidi needle) percutaneously through the skin, through the pedicle of the vertebral level, into the vertebral body which has suffered a compression fracture due to osteoporosis.  A kyphoplasty is typically performed bilaterally, which means on both sides of the vertebral body, through the right and left pedicles.  A kyphoplasty then involves placing a balloon through the Jamshidi needle, and expanding the balloon to try to expand the portion of the vertebral body which is collapsed as a result of osteoporosis.  After the height of the vertebral body is raised, bone cement (methyl methacrylate) is pushed through the Jamshidi needle into the expanded cavity in the bone, under low pressure.  The question of what is the difference between kyphoplasty vs vertebroplasty can be answered as follows:  during a kyphoplasty, a balloon is used to expand the compression fracture, and the methyl methacrylate cement is instilled into the osteoporosis fracture cavity under a low pressure; during a vertebroplasty, the methyl methacrylate bone cement is pushed through the needles into a nonexpanded compression fracture, under a higher pressure. Depending upon surgeon preference, kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty may be used, with kyphoplasty giving the added advantage of not only strengthening the bone, but trying to restores some of the height of the vertebral body, and lordotic curve of the spine.

Physician experts at the Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston, TX, have significant experience in treating osteoporosis and osteopenia as it affects the spine.  The neurosurgeons have vast experience in treating spine fractures, both through conservative approaches which may include bracing, and through the surgical approach, often with a kyphoplpasty.

The Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston TX takes care of patients in Houston and the surrounding areas, including Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Tomball, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Memorial City, Texas Medical Center  (TMC) and other Texas TX cities including Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio and Austin.

Patients suffering from neck pain or back pain, or who have been told they may require a spine surgery, can contact the Kraus Back and Neck Institute at

…….  281-713-6296

…….  Or visit www.SpineHealth.com to schedule an appointment online

……. KBNI VIDEO on Back and Neck Pain Treatment : Don’t Live in Fear and Pain

 

Keywords: osteoporosis, osteopenia, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Tomball, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas, TX, Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio, Austin

 

osteoporosis, osteopenia, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Tomball, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas, TX, Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio, Austin

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Spinal Imaging Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Spine with MRI and CT by KBNI Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center

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Spinal, Imaging, Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, Spine, MRI, CT, KBNI,Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center

Spinal, Imaging, Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, Spine, MRI, CT, KBNI,Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center

Spinal Imaging Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Spine with MRI and CT by KBNI Houston

Spinal imaging tests of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine are essential for correctly diagnosing spinal deformities, injuries, and other related problems. Physicians normally start with a patient history and a physical exam to test the patient’s mobility, range of motion, and look for points of tenderness. Based on the findings, physicians can then make recommendations for the best course of treatment. Minor injuries such as muscle pulls may be treated with pain relievers, anti inflammatory medications and rest, and core strengthening exercises. If the patient’s neck or back (cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine) pain is not mediated by these measures, however, then a physician may recommend a series of spinal imaging tests to determine whether the problem is structural.  Spine imaging can consist of X ray,MRI or CT scans of the anatomy of the cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine.

Spinal, Imaging, Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, Spine, MRI, CT, KBNI,Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center

Spinal, Imaging, Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, Spine, MRI, CT, KBNI,Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center

X ray, CT scans and MRI scans of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine show the physician different information about the body.  X ray of the spine shows alignment very well, as well as fractures of the vertebral bodies.  They can show collapse of the disc spaces (disc degeneration), and slippage of the bones (vertebral bodies) upon each other, known as spondylolisthesis.  X rays do not show herniated discs pushing into the spinal canal, unless the disc is calcified, in which case the calcium in the bone spur may show up on x ray.  X ray is good for showing the placement of hardware for spinal fusion (such as pedicle screws in the lumbar spine, and anterior cervical plates in the cervical spine) in the spine.  Bone growing between vertebral bodies and between transverse processes of a spinal fusion are also well seen on X ray and CT scans.

myelogram, cervical,  thoracic,  lumbar, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center, Spring

myelogram, cervical, thoracic, lumbar, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center, Spring

CT scans of the cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine anatomy show very detailed views of the cross sectional anatomy of the spine.  The images are taken as cross sections of the body, and these thin slices of information can be processed by the imaging computer, and reconstructed to show the spine as seen in the sagittal plane (from the side) or coronal plane (as seen from the front).  A CT scan of the cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine can show fractures very well.  They also show the placement of screws into the spine, after surgery, very well.  CT scans of the spine do not show great detail of the soft tissues of the spine, such as the nerve roots passing through the spine, of the spinal cord running through the spine.  If a CT scan of the spine is performed after the patient undergoes a myelogram, the spinal nerves and spinal cord can be better visualized.  A myelogram is performed when a radiologist performs a spinal tap on a patient, by placing a spinal needle into the lumbar spine.  Even though this sounds like a difficult procedure, it is generally accompanied with minimal pain.  After the needle is in the spinal sac, or dural sac, the next step is to place a dye (which can be seen on CT scan) or contrast agent within the thecal sac.  Once this is completed, a CT scan is done through the appropriate portions of the spine (cervical, thoracic or lumbar), and the contrast dye shows up as white on the CT scan, while the nerve roots or spinal cord show up as dark shadows against the bright spinal fluid.  The myelogram procedure can accurately show disc herniations into the nerve roots or spinal cord.

MRI, scan, cervical,  thoracic,  lumbar, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center, Spring

MRI, scan, cervical, thoracic, lumbar, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center, Spring

MRI scan of the cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine shows soft tissue, such as disc bulges (which may cause sciatica), spinal stenosis, spinal cord and nerve roots, very well.  It can also be used to see areas of contusion within the spinal cord.  It shows images in the axial plane (cross sections through the spine or body), as well as the coronal and sagittal planes.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), for example, is often used when the physician suspects damage to the soft tissues around the spinal cord. The spinal cord runs most of the length of the spinal column and houses the central nervous system’s spinal nerves, which are responsible for transmitting sensory information to the brain in addition to signals for voluntary muscle control. Physicians can use magnetic resonance imaging to see if these nerves or other soft tissues have been damaged by spinal fracture, impact trauma, or otherwise compromised by spinal deformities. CT scans (computerized tomography) and X-rays do not produce detailed images of soft tissue, so physicians typically do not require them to analyze soft tissue damage in the spine—unless that damage is suspected to be the result of a damaged vertebra. Magnetic resonance imaging can also reveal spinal abscesses and spinal tumors before they have a chance to compress spinal nerves, which often causes extreme pain.

If spinal fracture is suspected, physicians may require CT scans and X-rays to determine the extent of the fracture’s damage, as well as a magnetic resonance imaging exam to ensure the integrity of the spinal cord. Patients may think that these tests are excessive given that many spinal fractures occur during everyday motion (such as picking up a bag of groceries), but physicians must be absolutely certain that the soft tissues of the spinal cord are not compromised. Spinal column integrity greatly reduces the chances of the spinal nerves becoming compressed by nearby vertebrae, though the spinal disks (shock-absorbing pads between the vertebrae) can still degenerate to the point where compressed spinal nerves are a significant problem. All of these imaging exams serve to ensure that patients make safe recoveries.

Summary of Uses of Various Spinal Imaging Modalities:

X Ray: useful for evaluating curvature of spine, such as scoliosis; fractures; spinal alignment; instrumentation placed in the spine (pedicle screws, rods, plates); fusion between adjacent vertebral levels

CT scan of cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine: useful for evaluating fractures of spine; alignment of spine; bone spurs in cervical thoracic and lumbar spine

CT with myelogram: useful for evaluating nerve roots in cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine; spinal stenosis; fusion between adjacent vertebral levels (often used instead of MRI if patient has a pacemaker or implanted spinal cord stimulator)

MRI scan of cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine: useful for evaluating herniated disc, spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis

Physician experts at the Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston TX have significant experience at taking care of patients with back problems, back injuries and other sources of back and neck pain.  They frequently see patients who are suffering from the symptom of neck pain, low back pain, and mid back pain, and have never received imaging studies of the spine.  Physicians at the KBNI will order the appropriate spinal imaging studies of the cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine as needed, and review the results with the patient.

The Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston TX takes care of patients in Houston and the surrounding areas, including Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Memorial City, Texas Medical Center  (TMC) and other Texas TX cities including Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio and Austin.

REFERENCE SITES

www.SpinePain.com

www.NeckPain.com

www.SurgerySpine.com


Patients suffering from neck pain or back pain, or who have been told they may require a spine surgery, can contact the Kraus Back and Neck Institute at

…….  281-713-6296

…….  Or visit www.SpineHealth.com to schedule an appointment online

……. KBNI VIDEO on Back and Neck Pain Treatment : Don’t Live in Fear and Pain

Keywords: spinal, imaging, cervical,  thoracic,  lumbar, spine, MRI , CT, Houston, Woodlands, Katy, Memorial City, Sugarland, Texas Medical Center, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas, TX, Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio, Austin

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Lumbar Stenosis, Cervical Stenosis, Arthritis, Spinal Stenosis and Effects of Aging on Spine discussion KBNI Houston, Katy, Woodlands, Sugarland, Beaumont, Texas Medical Center TMC

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lumbar stenosis, cervical stenosis, spinal stenosis, arthritis, Houston, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring

lumbar stenosis, cervical stenosis, spinal stenosis, arthritis, Houston, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring

As the body and spine age, degenerative changes of arthritis and spinal stenosis can affect the spine.  When this occurs in the cervical spine (neck) , it is known as cervical stenosis, and when it occurs in the lumbar spine (low back) , it is called lumbar stenosis.  Aging typically has an impact on every aspect of daily life, and movement of the spine is no exception. The spine is involved in almost every kind of routine movement: twisting, standing, sitting, walking, and running included. Aging can lower mobility, endurance, strength, and balance, but certain exercises and lifestyle choices help to prolong (and even counteract) some effects of aging, particularly in the case of the spine. The network of muscles, ligaments, and tendons in the torso begins to lose mass as we grow older (as do all muscles in the body), and it becomes more difficult to build muscle mass due to our cells not reproducing as vigorously as they do while we are young. Water loss in tendons (which attach muscles to bones) also makes these tendons stiffer and less capable of managing load-bearing stress. A regimen of core strengthening exercises can prolong torso strength, as well as assist in managing the body’s weight distribution. Regular core strengthening will also help reduce wear on the spinal disks (shock-absorbing pads between our vertebrae) by reducing stress placed upon the spinal column during movement.

lumbar stenosis, cervical stenosis, spinal stenosis, arthritis, Houston, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring

lumbar stenosis, cervical stenosis, spinal stenosis, arthritis, Houston, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring

The lumbar spine anatomy and the cervical spine anatomy consist of vertebral segments, which are held together by ligaments, which cross over the disc spaces, and over the facet joints (which separate one vertebral level from the next).  There is ligament in front of the vertebral body known as the anterior  longitudinal ligament.  The ligament behind the vertebral body is called the posterior longitudinal ligament.  The ligaments around the facet joints are the capsular ligaments.  The ligament between the spinous processes is the interspinous ligament, and the ligament between the transverse process is the inter transverse ligament.  Of particular importance for the aging spine is the ligamentum flavum, which is a ligament which is found on the inside of the spinal canal, just under the lamina (which is the back roof of the spinal canal).  As the spine ages, this ligament can become thickened, and compress upon the nerves of the spinal canal, a condition known as spinal stenosis (cervical stenosis, lumbar stenosis) .  When this occurs, patients may experience pain in the neck or low back, or arms or legs.  When the spinal stenosis occurs in the neck, it is cervical stenosis. When the spinal stenosis occurs in the low back, it is lumbar stenosis.

lumbar stenosis, cervical stenosis, spinal stenosis, arthritis, Houston, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring

lumbar stenosis, cervical stenosis, spinal stenosis, arthritis, Houston, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring

Arthritis also affects the aging spine.  Arthritis is inflammation of the joints.  The spine has many joints, and these can become inflamed, resulting in pain and stiffness.  There are two major typed of arthritis, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.  Osteoarthritis is a result of normal aging or wear and tear upon the spine.  Rheumatoid arthritis is a result of an autoimmune disorder.  Generally, the goal of arthritis treatment is to improve quality and function of live.  When the spine undergoes arthritis, bone spurs can grow inside of the spine and outside of the spine. The facet joints can become thickened and overgrown, and the arthritis can result in bone overgrowth and compression upon nerve roots.  The nerve compression from arthritis can affect the spinal nerves in the central canal (where all of the nerves of the spine pass as they traverse the distance from the brain to the rest of the body) and the arthritis can affect the nerves as they leave the spinal canal through the neural foramen, which are openings in the side of the spinal canal located just next to the facet joints.

Our spinal disks, along with our spinal joints, help our spine articulate, but they also gradually wear down and undergo disc degeneration. They can become thinner, causing a loss in height, as well as a rupture (herniated disc )as a result of regular load-bearing stress, sudden impact trauma (such as a fall), or due to increased body mass. Proper hydration, healthy weight management, a varied and nutritious healthy diet, nutritional supplements, and regular rest will all help prolong the effects of aging on the spinal disks, in addition to maintaining bone density at near-optimal levels. High bone density means less incidence of osteoporosis (low bone density), and a much lower probability of bone density-related spinal fractures (osteoporotic compression fractures). Vertebral compression fractures can press upon the nerves of the spine.   Smoking can also have an adverse effect on overall spine health.

lumbar stenosis, cervical stenosis, spinal stenosis, arthritis, Houston, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Memorial City, Texas Medical Center, TMC, Texas, TX, Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio, Austin

lumbar stenosis, cervical stenosis, spinal stenosis, arthritis, Houston, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Memorial City, Texas Medical Center, TMC, Texas, TX, Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio, Austin

Our heart muscle gradually loses efficiency, meaning that on a year-by-year average, we are less capable of pumping blood in a given amount of time. This means we get tired more quickly and our muscles take longer to recover from stress. For the spine, this means that the support network of bones, ligaments, and muscles around the spine receive less and less nutrition, especially during periods of load-bearing stress. Regular cardiovascular exercise, proper hydration, and a healthy diet as well as weight management will help maintain heart muscle as we age.

In summary, the aging process can take a severe toll upon the spine.  Arthritis in the spine can develop, and along with this, the ligaments can become firm and thickened, resulting in spinal stenosis, lumbar stenosis and cervical stenosis.  Proper physical activity, proper nutrition, core strengthening exercises, sciatica exercises, and stretching can help to slow down and even reverse the aging process, as it relates to the spine.

Spine experts at the Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston TX have expertise at taking care of patients with aging symptoms of the spine, in particular arthritis, and spinal stenosis including lumbar stenosis and cervical stenosis.  In the majority of cases, patients may undergo a treatment course and improve without the need of an operation.  When surgery is necessary, Neurosurgeons at the KBNI utilize the most advanced techniques in minimally invasive spine surgery when it is appropriate.

The Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston TX takes care of patients in Houston and the surrounding areas, including Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Memorial City, Texas Medical Center  (TMC) and other Texas TX cities including Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio and Austin.

REFERENCE SITES

www.SpinePain.com


Patients suffering from a cervical stenosis or lumbar stenosis, or who have been told they may require a lumbar laminectomy or  cervical laminectomy, can contact the Kraus Back and Neck Institute at

…….  281-713-6296

…….  Or visit www.SpineHealth.com to schedule an appointment online

……. KBNI VIDEO on Back and Neck Pain Treatment : Don’t Live in Fear and Pain

Keywords: lumbar stenosis, cervical stenosis, spinal stenosis, arthritis, Houston, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Memorial City, Texas Medical Center, TMC, Texas, TX, Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio, Austin

 

lumbar stenosis, cervical stenosis, spinal stenosis, arthritis, Houston, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Memorial City, Texas Medical Center, TMC, Texas, TX, Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio, Austin

lumbar stenosis, cervical stenosis, spinal stenosis, arthritis, Houston, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Memorial City, Texas Medical Center, TMC, Texas, TX, Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio, Austin

lumbar stenosis, cervical stenosis, spinal stenosis, arthritis, Houston, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Memorial City, Texas Medical Center, TMC, Texas, TX, Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio, Austin

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Spine Injury Fracture review by KBNI serving Houston, Katy, Sugarland, Woodlands, Memorial City, Kingwood

contact us for help

 

spine, injury, fracture, Houston, Katy, Sugarland, Woodlands, Memorial City, Kingwood

spine, injury, fracture, Houston, Katy, Sugarland, Woodlands, Memorial City, Kingwood

A spine injury  fracture is typically a serious injury that occurs when the integrity of the vertebrae (bones of the spine) is compromised, either by physical trauma or by a medical condition like osteoporosis (low bone density). Physicians use three main classifications for spine injury fractures in order to document the pattern of injury: 1) flexion fracture pattern (when one side of the vertebra loses height, usually from a fall from height), 2) extension fracture pattern (when the vertebra is pulled apart, such as in a car accident), and 3) rotation fracture pattern (severe rotation of the vertebra and surrounding soft tissues). A spinal injury fracture may also be further classified based on whether it ishas affected the integrity of the spinal cord.

If a spine injury fracture is suspected, immediate medical attention is advised. The spine serves as the seat of almost all everyday movement, and if its structure is compromised, the injury can have long-term effects on a patient’s mobility. The situation is particularly dangerous if the displacement of vertebral bone shards have compressed or otherwise injured the spinal cord, which is a structure that houses the central spinal nerves that run the length of the spinal column. These spinal nerves control sensation and voluntary muscle control for much of the body. If the spinal cord suffers sufficient physical trauma from a fracture pattern, the patient may be paralyzed in all the regions of the body that received information from the spinal nerves below the injury site.

spine, injury, fracture, Houston, Katy, Sugarland, Woodlands, Memorial City, Kingwood

spine, injury, fracture, Houston, Katy, Sugarland, Woodlands, Memorial City, Kingwood

Spine injury fracture may involve several types of fracture, described as compression fracture, osteoporotic compression fracture, burst fracture, vertebral compression fracture, pathologic fracture, spinous process fracture, or facet fracture.  Some fractures may be stable, and will heal on their own, while other spine injury fractures will require surgery to stabilize them. Some fractures will create a kyphosis deformity of the spine, in which the patient leans forward.

Unfortunately, physical trauma need not be serious in order for a spine injury fracture to occur. Such an injury often occurs in the course of everyday movement, such as when a patient bends to pick something up or lifts a bag of groceries. Sudden sharp pain may even be accompanied by a loss in height, which can indicate the simultaneous collapse of multiple vertebrae. Compression and distortion of the spinal column can compress the stomach, causing stomach pain and digestive problems. Depending on the type and severity of the fracture pattern, patients may also need surgery. Most efforts to surgically repair spinal fractures also result in lengthy periods of post-operative care, supplemented by physical therapy, rest, and subsequent medical examinations to maximize the chances of a positive recovery.

At the Kraus Back and Neck Instiute (KBNI) in Houston TX, patients are treated for spine injury fractures, whether they are acute or chronic.  Doctors at the KBNI will order the appropriate imaging studies, and guide patients to a path of fracture healing and pain improvement.

The KBNI serves patients throughout the Houston and surrounding areas, including Katy, Sugarland, the Woodlands, Memorial City and Kingwood.

To schedule a visit, patients can

….  Schedule an office visit online at www.SpineHealth.com

….  Call 281-713-6296 to arrange an appointment

Keywords: spine, injury, fracture, Houston, Katy, Sugarland, Woodlands, Memorial City, Kingwood

 

spine injury fracture in Houston

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