Archive for category spinal discs

Facet Joint Health, Low Back Pain and Upper Back Pain review by KBNI Houston, Kingwood, Spring, Sugarland, Katy, Pearland, Baytown, Beaumont, Clear Lake, Memorial City, the Woodlands

facet joint, low back pain, back pain, physical therapy, spinal column, spondylolisthesis, spinal

facet joint, low back pain, back pain, physical therapy, spinal column, spondylolisthesis, spinal

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Facet Joint Health, Low Back Pain and Upper Back Pain

Simply put, the facet joint links the vertebrae of the human spinal column and allow for the articulation of the spine. When they facet joints are not functioning properly, or when they become degenerated, develop arthritis, or slip, they may be the cause of low back pain and upper back pain.  In addition to providing mobility, the facet joints also help stabilize the spinal column by being oriented in such a way that they decrease the chances of preventing forward vertebral slippage (spondylolisthesis). The ends of the facet joints are covered in cartilage, which allows for pain-free operation over a normal range of motion (bending, twisting, lifting, sitting, standing, etc.). While the cartilage does break down naturally over time (in this manner resembling cartilage in other parts of the body), the facet joints are still quite durable if direct physical trauma (such as from an accident) is not an issue. The condition known as spondylolisthesis exists when one vertebral body is slipped forward upon the vertebral body below.  This is also known as anterolisthesis.  When the vertebral body is slipped backward upon the vertebral body below, the condition is known as retrolisthesis.  Spondylolisthesis may occur as a result of degenerative changes of the facet joint.  When a patient has a condition known as spondylolysis, the patient is prone to develop spondylolisthesis.  Spondylolysis is a condition where there is a gap in what may be considered the roof over the spinal canal.  It may occur from an injury, or a person may be born with it.  When this condition occurs, the facet joint is no longer able to help support the vertebral bodies from slipping forward upon each other, and instead, all of this burden is placed upon the intervertebral disc, which separates two adjacent vertebral bodies.  Spondylolisthesis, whether anterolisthesis or retrolisthesis, may be related to low back pain or upper back pain, as it relates to possible instability of the spinal column.

facet joint, low back pain, back pain, physical therapy, spinal column, spondylolisthesis, spinal

facet joint, low back pain, back pain, physical therapy, spinal column, spondylolisthesis, spinal

 

With all of these essential functions, the facet joints are a little-known but important means to preventing low back pain and upper back pain. These joints, along with spinal discs (the shock-absorbing pads between our vertebrae) help relieve pressure on the spinal nerves during routine motion, lowering the incidence of nerve compression (and accompanying sharp low back pain). Over time, however, the facet joints begin to break down just like any other mechanical component in the human body. Repetitive bending, lifting, and twisting can all accelerate the natural degenerative processes in the human spinal column, and the facet joints are no exception. The cartilage on the ends of the joints breaks down as spinal discs become thinner, harder, and less capable of bearing shock as we grow older. All of this leads to higher incidence of compressed (pinched) spinal nerves, which in turn can cause muscle weakness, numbness, low back pain, upper back pain, and decreases in overall mobility.

facet joint, low back pain, back pain, physical therapy, spinal column, spondylolisthesis, spinal, Houston, Pearland, Galleria, Beaumont, Baytown, Clear Lake, Port Arthur, Katy, the Woodlands, Spring, Memorial City, Humble, Kingwood, Conroe, Tomball, Missouri City, Texas City, TMC, Texas Medical Center

facet joint, low back pain, back pain, physical therapy, spinal column, spondylolisthesis, spinal, Houston, Pearland, Galleria, Beaumont, Baytown, Clear Lake, Port Arthur, Katy, the Woodlands, Spring, Memorial City, Humble, Kingwood, Conroe, Tomball, Missouri City, Texas City, TMC, Texas Medical Center

 

As such, maintaining the health of our facet joints as we age should be a priority for everyone. Patients with chronic low back pain and upper back pain are advised to explore the option of physical therapy or chiropractic designed specifically for the spine. Typically, spine-specific physical therapy programs use a regimen of core-strengthening exercises to build muscles along the spinal column and throughout the torso. Stronger core muscles are more capable of relieving load-bearing stress on other degenerated portions of the spine, such as the discs and facet joints. Continuing physical therapy at home will also help back pain patients maintain optimal muscle mass as they age, which will in turn lower the incidence of injury, low back pain  and increase overall mobility. Patients are advised to consult their physicians prior to beginning any physical therapy regimen to ensure they do not have any structural deformities that would be exacerbated by an exercise program. Imaging tests (x-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ) may be necessary to confirm this, depending on the physician’s findings during your physical exam.  Standing low back x rays in flexion and extension will show whether spondylolisthesis is stable, or whether it moves.

facet joint, low back pain, back pain, physical therapy, spinal column, spondylolisthesis, spinal, Houston, Pearland, Galleria, Beaumont, Baytown, Clear Lake, Port Arthur, Katy, the Woodlands, Spring, Memorial City, Humble, Kingwood, Conroe, Tomball, Missouri City, Texas City, TMC, Texas Medical Center

facet joint, low back pain, back pain, physical therapy, spinal column, spondylolisthesis, spinal, Houston, Pearland, Galleria, Beaumont, Baytown, Clear Lake, Port Arthur, Katy, the Woodlands, Spring, Memorial City, Humble, Kingwood, Conroe, Tomball, Missouri City, Texas City, TMC, Texas Medical Center

 

Low back pain is one of the most common reasons for individuals to visit their doctor, and for loss of work.  Finding the source of the low back pain is important, before the low back pain can be addressed, and treatment begun.  Causes of low back pain include the facet joint, the spinal disc itself, the ligaments attached to the low back spinal column, the nerves leaving the spine in the low back, and the muscles which attach to, and create movement in the low back.

 

 

The Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston TX takes care of patients in Houston and the surrounding areas, including Pearland, Galleria, Beaumont, Baytown, Clear Lake, Port Arthur, Katy, the Woodlands, Spring, Memorial City, Humble, Kingwood, Conroe, Tomball, Missouri City, Texas City, and Texas Medical Center (TMC)

 

Patients suffering from a low back pain or neck pain, or who have been told they may require a low back surgery or neck sugery, can

contact the Kraus Back and Neck Institute at

…….  281-713-6296

…….  Or visit www.SpineHealth.com to schedule an appointment online

……. KBNI VIDEO on Back and Neck Pain Treatment : Don’t Live in Fear and Pain

 

 

Keywords: facet joint, low back pain, back pain, physical therapy, spinal column, spondylolisthesis, spinal, Houston, Pearland, Galleria, Beaumont, Baytown, Clear Lake, Port Arthur, Katy, the Woodlands, Spring, Memorial City, Humble, Kingwood, Conroe, Tomball, Missouri City, Texas City, TMC, Texas Medical Center

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Muscle Weakness and Spinal Nerves review KBNI Houston, Pearland, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Conroe, Beaumont, Baytown

contact us for helpMuscle Weakness and Spinal Nerve

 

spinal discs, spinal nerves, muscle weakness, back pain

spinal discs, spinal nerves, muscle weakness, back pain

Our spinal nerves branch out from the spinal cord and allow us to feel sensation in many parts of the body. The nerves transmit signals of heat, cold, pain, and general sensation, meaning that without their unimpeded operation, patients experience a variety of negative symptoms, from muscle weakness to paralysis. Our spinal nerves are also intertwined with our vertebrae (the bones in the spinal column). The spinal discs (the shock-absorbing pads between our vertebrae) help provide a means for the spine to articulate as well as keeping vertebrae from compressing nearby spinal nerves. Over time, however, the spinal discs naturally degenerate, becoming harder, thinner, and less pliable as we grow older. As spinal discs break down, the distance between our vertebrae shrinks, placing patients at an elevated risk for compressed spinal nerves and extreme back pain.

spinal discs, spinal nerves, muscle weakness, back pain

spinal discs, spinal nerves, muscle weakness, back pain

On most occasions, rest and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen will be enough to mediate back pain and restore mobility long enough for patients to pursue other avenues of treatment. Sometimes, though, structural problems in the back may lead to more serious complications. If back pain patients at any time experience muscle weakness or numbness in the extremities, seek medical attention immediately. This could be an indication of continually compressed spinal nerves. Over time, repeated compression can damage the nerves and lead to a loss of sensation and / or mobility.

spinal discs, spinal nerves, muscle weakness, back pain, Houston, Pearland, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Conroe, Beaumont, Baytown

spinal discs, spinal nerves, muscle weakness, back pain, Houston, Pearland, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Conroe, Beaumont, Baytown

If compression of spinal nerves is suspected to be the culprit and the physical examination is inconclusive, doctors will order imaging tests (x-rays, magnetic resonance imaging) in order to observe the problem area in greater detail. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scan)  provides excellent clarity of the body’s soft tissues, allowing physicians to judge whether spinal nerves may be at risk during routine activity.

spinal discs, spinal nerves, muscle weakness, back pain, Houston, Pearland, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Conroe, Beaumont, Baytown

spinal discs, spinal nerves, muscle weakness, back pain, Houston, Pearland, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Conroe, Beaumont, Baytown

If spinal nerve compression forms the root of a patient’s back problem, there are several steps he or she can take from home that will increase their long-term mobility. First, consult your physician regarding a physical therapy or chiropractic regimen designed to build core strength along your spinal column and in the abdomen. Strong core muscles will help relieve pressure from spinal discs and reduce the possibility of compressed spinal nerves in the future. Also, consider your present weight and activity level: are you doing everything you can to minimize back pain? Unhealthy weight gain puts more pressure on every part of the spinal column, including spinal discs and facet joints (the joints that link our vertebrae. By keeping your weight down and getting regular exercise, patients can optimize their chances for maintaining mobility as they age.

The Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston TX  cares for patients in Houston and the surrounding areas, including Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas Medical Center  (TMC), Tomball and other Texas TX cities including Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio and Austin

If you have SUFFERED AN INJURY, you can contact the Kraus Back and Neck Institute at

…….  281-713-6296

 

…….  Or visit  www.SpineHealth.com  to schedule an appointment online

 

…….  KBNI VIDEO

 

 

Keywords: spinal discs, spinal nerves, muscle weakness, back pain, Houston, Pearland, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Conroe, Beaumont, Baytown

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Post-operative Care Questions for Lower Back Surgery Patients review by KBNI Houston, Woodlands, Kingwood, Katy, Pearland, Beaumont, Tomball, Baytown, Galveston, Sugarland

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Post-operative Care Questions for Lower Back Surgery Patients

post-operative care, low back pain, lower back surgery, physical therapy, surgical site infection, Houston

post-operative care, low back pain, lower back surgery, physical therapy, surgical site infection, Houston

 

Lower back surgery can be an incredibly trying endeavor for patients and physicians alike. Typically, lower back surgery is used as a last resort for patients whose back pain has not responded to more conservative treatments (i.e. rest, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory drugs, etc.). Though major back surgery is generally quite expensive and requires a long period of post-operative care, there are several steps patients can take to minimize recovery time and pain levels while maximizing their chances at retaining full mobility.

First, take your doctor’s recommendations very seriously. If he or she advises you on lifestyle changes to compensate for your decreased mobility during post-operative care, you must be willing to implement these changes. Many kinds of back surgery involve the implantation of screws and / or plates for a spinal fusion to stabilize different parts of the spinal column. Other surgeries implant entire artificial spinal discs (the shock-absorbing pads between our vertebrae) to correct the problems that natural spinal disc degeneration can cause (severe pain, destabilization, compressed spinal nerves).

post-operative care, low back pain, lower back surgery, physical therapy, surgical site infection, Houston

post-operative care, low back pain, lower back surgery, physical therapy, surgical site infection, Houston

Often deep incisions have to be made to implant these devices and consequently the muscles along the spinal column are lacerated. The spine takes time to heal and grow new tissue around these wounds. Patients may experience severe back pain and decreased spine mobility but are advised not to pursue strenuous activity without first consulting their physicians. Your doctor will be able to give you a much clearer idea of which activities pose a higher risk for your specific back surgery. Sticking to a strict activity regimen will help you reduce your risk of needing subsequent corrective surgeries.

After the surgery, physical therapy / chiropractic during post-operative care will help patients retain mobility, as well as building core strength and stretching for flexibility that will aid in preventing future injuries. Another problem you may wish to ask your doctor about is surgical site spine infection infection (SSI). Due to back surgery exposing the body to open air, pathogens may enter the incision site and cause infection at some point during post-operative care. It’s extremely important to get a family member or friend to monitor your wound during dressing changes. Look for oozing pus, red edges around the wound, and foul odors. It’s also possible that surgical site infection may occur as a result of contaminated medical devices. This infection is extremely dangerous, as the wound itself may not exhibit signs of infection. Monitor any changes in back pain, as well as any fever, numbness, or muscle weakness. If any of these symptoms occur, seek immediate medical attention.

post-operative care, low back pain, lower back surgery, physical therapy, surgical site infection, Houston, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas Medical Center  (TMC), Tomball

post-operative care, low back pain, lower back surgery, physical therapy, surgical site infection, Houston, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas Medical Center (TMC), Tomball

Physician experts at the Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston, TX, have significant experience and expertise in working with patients who are recovering from minor or major spine surgery.  They understand that the beginning of the healing process starts in the OR, but the remainder continues well after the surgery is finished.

The Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston TX takes care of patients in Houston and the surrounding areas, including Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas Medical Center  (TMC), Tomball and other Texas TX cities including Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio and Austin

If you have SUFFERED AN INJURY, you can contact the Kraus Back and Neck Institute at

…….  281-713-6296

 

…….  Or visit  www.SpineHealth.com  to schedule an appointment online

 

…….  KBNI VIDEO

 

post-operative care, low back pain, lower back surgery, physical therapy, surgical site infection, Houston, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas Medical Center  (TMC), Tomball

post-operative care, low back pain, lower back surgery, physical therapy, surgical site infection, Houston, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas Medical Center (TMC), Tomball

 

Keywords: post-operative care, low back pain, lower back surgery, physical therapy, surgical site infection, Houston, Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas Medical Center  (TMC), Tomball

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Spinal Fractures and their Possible Effects review KBNI Houston, Katy, Sugarland, Woodlands, Spring, Pearland, Conroe, Beaumont

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Spinal Fractures and their Possible Effects

spinal discs, spinal nerves, spinal compression fracture, spinal fractures, back pain, physical exam, Houston

spinal discs, spinal nerves, spinal compression fracture, spinal fractures, back pain, physical exam, Houston

 

Spinal compression fractures generally result from osteoporosis (low bone density). Over time, our bone-generating cells (osteoblasts) become less effective at producing healthy bone tissue. Other factors, such as poor nutrition and smoking (nicotine, a common chemical in cigarettes, is a bone-growth toxin) also lower bone density as we age. Symptoms of a spinal compression fracture include severe sudden back pain (possibly from spinal nerves that have been abruptly compressed), pain while walking and standing, height loss, and structural deformity along the spinal column.

spinal discs, spinal nerves, spinal compression fracture, spinal fractures, back pain, physical exam, Houston

spinal discs, spinal nerves, spinal compression fracture, spinal fractures, back pain, physical exam, Houston

Normally, spinal compression fractures occur during routine activities like picking up a bag of groceries or slipping on a patch of ice. If you are experiencing sudden, severe back pain as a result of routine activity, it’s advised that you seek immediate medical attention (you can be seen by a neurosurgeon or spine surgeon). Your physician will conduct a physical exam designed to narrow the possible causes of your back pain. After the physical exam, it’s also likely that imaging tests (X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging MRI ) will be necessary to confirm that a spinal compression fracture has actually occurred. Even if you do not feel back pain, imaging tests may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis, because occasionally spinal compression fractures occur so gradually that patients do not experience any episodes of sharp pain. Other symptoms may arise as the spine shortens due to a loss in height: weight loss due to pressure placed on the stomach, decreased mobility, breathing problems (the lungs may not function properly due to constriction), and hip pain.

spinal discs, spinal nerves, spinal compression fracture, spinal fractures, back pain, physical exam, Houston, Woodlands, Sugarland, Spring, Katy, Pearland, Kingwood, Humble, Baytown, Beaumont, Galveston, Port Arthur, Memorial, Conroe, Sealy, Austin, San Antonio, Dallas

spinal discs, spinal nerves, spinal compression fracture, spinal fractures, back pain, physical exam, Houston, Woodlands, Sugarland, Spring, Katy, Pearland, Kingwood, Humble, Baytown, Beaumont, Galveston, Port Arthur, Memorial, Conroe, Sealy, Austin, San Antonio, Dallas

Sudden trauma-related fractures (such as from a car accident or sports injury) are more unpredictable and have the potential to be even more serious. Fragments of vertebrae or pieces of the spinal herniated discs may lacerate the spinal nerves within the spinal canal, leading to a loss of sensation, muscle weakness, or paralysis. Physicians also normally order imaging tests for trauma-related spinal fractures due to the extremely sensitive nature of the injuries and the fact that a patient’s long-term mobility (or even their survival) may be compromised by a misdiagnosis.  For osteoporotic compression fractures, a procedure known as a kyphoplasty may be helpful.

Recovery from spinal compression fractures and trauma-related spinal injuries may require extensive physical therapy and chiropractic  treatment,  during the post-operative care period. Developing muscles along the spinal column with core strengthening will relieve pressure from compromised spinal discs and re-generating bone tissue. Your physician will order several checkups following your back surgery in order to re-evaluate your progress and make any necessary changes to your course of treatment. The length of the post-operative care period will ultimately be determined by the integrity of the patient’s spinal column as well as their mobility and general quality of life.

spinal discs, spinal nerves, spinal compression fracture, spinal fractures, back pain, physical exam, Houston, Woodlands, Sugarland, Spring, Katy, Pearland, Kingwood, Humble, Baytown, Beaumont, Galveston, Port Arthur, Memorial, Conroe, Sealy, Austin, San Antonio, Dallas

spinal discs, spinal nerves, spinal compression fracture, spinal fractures, back pain, physical exam, Houston, Woodlands, Sugarland, Spring, Katy, Pearland, Kingwood, Humble, Baytown, Beaumont, Galveston, Port Arthur, Memorial, Conroe, Sealy, Austin, San Antonio, Dallas

 

Physician experts at the Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston, TX, have significant experience and expertise in working with patients who have suffered fractures of the spine.  Many of these patients will need complex medical care, and many will need to also see a personal injury attorney.  After an injury, many patients may be confused as to what to do next, and how to straighten out their situations.

The Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI) in Houston TX takes care of patients in Houston and the surrounding areas, including Sugarland, Woodlands, Katy, Spring, Sealy, Baytown, Pearland, Beaumont, Galleria, Conroe, Humble, Kingwood, Port Arthur, Galveston, Texas Medical Center  (TMC) and other Texas TX cities including Dallas, Fort Worth, San Antonio and Austin

If you have SUFFERED AN INJURY, you can contact the Kraus Back and Neck Institute at

…….  281-713-6296

 

…….  Or visit  www.SpineHealth.com  to schedule an appointment online

 

…….  KBNI VIDEO

 

 

Keywords: spinal discs, spinal nerves, spinal compression fracture, spinal fractures,  back pain, physical exam, Houston, Woodlands, Sugarland, Spring, Katy, Pearland, Kingwood, Humble, Baytown, Beaumont, Galveston, Port Arthur, Memorial, Conroe, Sealy, Austin, San Antonio, Dallas

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